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US, Egypt Resume Formal Security Talks 08/02 10:32

   Despite persistent human rights concerns, the United States on Sunday 
resumed formal security talks with Egypt that were last held six years ago and 
kept on hiatus until now amid the political unrest that swept the country in 
the wake of the Arab Spring.

   CAIRO (AP) -- Despite persistent human rights concerns, the United States on 
Sunday resumed formal security talks with Egypt that were last held six years 
ago and kept on hiatus until now amid the political unrest that swept the 
country in the wake of the Arab Spring.

   Two days after the U.S. delivered eight F-16 warplanes to Egypt as part of a 
military support package that the Obama administration is boosting to help 
Egypt counter an increasing terrorist threat, Secretary of State John Kerry 
restarted the so-called "strategic dialogue" with Egyptian officials in Cairo. 
The dialogue was last held in 2009 and did not occur in subsequent years due to 
the Arab Spring and turmoil following the ouster of Egypt's authoritarian 
leader Hosni Mubarak in 2011.

   Kerry said the administration is committed to working with Egypt to enhance 
its military capabilities as it confronts growing threats from extremists, 
particularly in the Sinai Peninsula. That aid had been on hold until earlier 
this year due to human rights and democracy concerns in the wake of the 
military overthrow of Islamist President Mohammed Morsi in 2013.

   Before meeting with Egyptian President Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi, Kerry told 
Foreign Minister Sameh Shoukry the U.S. would "continue to provide robust 
training to the Egyptian military, as the military seeks it and desires it, in 
an effort to build capacity, and also to meet the highest expectations of your 
military for its professionalism." He noted that in addition to the F-16s, the 
U.S. had provided Egypt with Apache helicopters, attack boats, armored vehicles 
and other weapons systems this year. More aid is on the way, he said.

   At the same time, he acknowledged stress in the U.S.-Egypt relationship over 
human rights and said Washington would continue to press Cairo on the arrests 
of dissidents and journalists and mass trials.

   "Obviously, there has been a little bit of tension over certain issues," he 
told reporters at a joint news conference with Shoukry that was held shortly 
after a court in Cairo again postponed a verdict in the trial of three 
Al-Jazeera English journalists, whose arrests on have sparked widespread 
condemnation.

   Shoukry said no journalists have been detained in Egypt for doing their 
jobs, only for terrorism and other offenses, and he rejected criticism that 
detainees were being denied due process. He said Egypt is committed to 
improving its human rights conditions but noted that all countries, even mature 
democracies, have imperfect rights records.

   Kerry made the case, though, that freedom of speech, assembly and peaceful 
political dissent must be allowed if Egypt is to successfully combat extremism, 
especially ahead of parliamentary elections to be held later this year.

   "We are absolutely clear that terrorists who kill civilians and attack 
Egyptian security forces have to be brought to justice, and we stand with Egypt 
in that effort. But it is equally important ... to distinguish between those 
who use violence to achieve their ends and others who seek peacefully to 
participate in a political dialogue, even if what they say sometimes may make 
people uncomfortable," Kerry said.

   He said that fighting extremism requires more than military might and called 
on Egypt to adopt a broad strategy that would both improve the economy and 
accept dissent to prevent young people from embracing radical ideologies. 
"Otherwise, no matter how many terrorists we bring to justice, those groups 
will replenish their ranks and we will not be safer. We will be involved in a 
round robin, circular, repetitive process," Kerry said.

   In advance of his trip, Kerry met in Washington with Egyptian-American 
Mohammed Soltan, who had been sentenced to life in prison in Egypt for 
financing an anti-government sit-in and spreading "false news." One of 
thousands imprisoned after Morsi's overthrow, Soltan had been on a hunger 
strike for more than a year before being freed in May after repeated U.S. 
requests. He is the son of a prominent member of the now-outlawed Muslim 
Brotherhood.

   Shoukry accused the brotherhood of being a leading promoter of extremism in 
the region, including neighboring Libya, which is in the throes of conflict.

   Broadening U.S.-Egyptian trade and economic ties also was also on the table 
during Kerry's visit, which comes just days before Egypt inaugurates a second, 
parallel waterway to allow two-way traffic on the Suez Canal. Egyptian 
officials are hoping the opening will boost a flagging economy. Kerry 
congratulated Egypt on the "major" Suez project ahead of its opening on 
Thursday, and he announced that U.S.-Egypt trade and investment consultations 
will resume in the fall.

   Kerry was in Cairo on the first stop of a Mideast trip that is mainly aimed 
at assuaging Arab concerns over the nuclear deal between Iran and world powers. 
After meeting with el-Sissi, he leaves for Qatar, where he will hold 
discussions with Gulf Arab foreign ministers on the Iran deal and its 
implications for the region.

   On Iran, Kerry said he would be traveling to Doha to make the case to 
members of the Gulf Cooperation Council that the Iran nuclear agreement will 
make the Middle East more secure. The Gulf Arab states have publicly welcomed 
the deal reached last month in Vienna, but many have expressed private 
reservations.

   "There can be absolutely no question that the Vienna plan, if fully 
implemented, will make Egypt and all the countries of this region safer than 
they otherwise would be or were," he said.


(KA)


 
 
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